Relation-back doctrine cannot save a cause of action if the original complaint fails to state facts sufficient to provide notice of the essential nature of the claim.
Disqualification of law firm appropriate following firm’s violation of ethical obligations regarding use of inadvertently disclosed privileged email.
A supplier can discharge its duty to warn under the “sophisticated intermediary doctrine,” defense if it: 1) provides adequate warnings to the product’s immediate purchaser, or sells to a sufficiently sophisticated buyer, and 2) reasonably relies on the buyer to warn end users about the harm.
In a strict products liability action, evidence of industry custom and practice may be admissible, depending on the nature of evidence and purpose for introducing such evidence.
Evidence sanction excluding witnesses at trial was inappropriate where there was no evidence of willful omission of witnesses in discovery and no violation of a court order compelling discovery.
Recreational trail immunity applies even if trail also has non-recreational uses.
In a non-personal injury or wrongful death case, if a plaintiff does not provide formal notice of the amount of compensatory damages sought in the complaint or in an amended complaint, any default judgment awarded is void; a statement of damages is insufficient.
Trial court did not err in allowing evidence of decedent’s cocaine us in excessive force case.
Parties who are jointly and severally liable on a contract may be sued in separate actions.
Evidence raised triable issues of fact regarding the imposition of joint liability on passenger of vehicle under theories of concert of action and conspiracy.